RFID vs. HID Cards: Which One To Choose For Your Application?
RFID and HID cards have many similarities and differences. This makes it possible for them to be used in some cases together while other applications only demand using just one or the other. Looking at the technology, we can see that both use radio frequency identification technology, but there are some differences in how they operate. We will look at these similarities and differences below to help you better understand these cards so that you can choose better.
Understanding RFID Card Technology
You may have come across RFID cards already. This is because they are quite common and useful for many applications. These cards rely on the use of radio waves for the transmission of data between the reader and the card. To make this all possible, the RFID cards feature a small chip and antenna for communicating with the RFID readers.
So, the RFID card comes with several components, including the chip and antenna. The work of the chip is to store the unique identification data and process the RFID reader request.
As you would have guessed it, the antenna’s job is to facilitate the communication between the reader and the chip. There are many types of antennas depending on the card’s functionality and application.
The passive cards are the most common and affordable to buy right now. They are passive, meaning there is no power source. So, they can only be activated by the radio signals from the RFID reader.
The active RFID cards are the opposite of the passive cards. In this case, a small battery powers the card, keeping it active all the time. Because of the additional power, these cards are often better at read range and do not easily face interference.
Benefits of RFID Cards
When you choose RFID cards, you are bound to like some of its benefits. Expect to experience the following.
- Quick transactions thanks to their efficiency and speed. These cards are generally fast in terms of data transmission. That is why automating some processes may make them a suitable choice.
- Error handling is often top-notch with these RFID cards. They make it easier for you to handle various applications and minimize manual data entry accurately. We all know they can also help with consistent performance.
- Security is also a good thing about the RFID cards. We can see that it is possible for them to handle different types of security features. This includes encryption and authentication. That is why they can be a good option for access control.
- RFID cards are also quite versatile. This is based on the number of applications the cards can handle. Of course, you would also like the customization options available from various suppliers to make the cards work for your application.
The RFID and HID cards are likely to be more cost-effective compared to some other options. The best part is their scalability. In case you want more, acquiring them should not be expensive.
Understanding HID Cards
HID cards are also called proximity cards. These cards utilize radio frequency identification or RFID technology to make them operable. They are mostly used for secure access control and identification applications.
The cards come with a proximity chip, which is key for storing the identification data and then there is also an antenna for making the wireless communication possible with the proximity card readers.
RFID cards would have multiple operating frequencies, but in this case, the HID cards typically operate at a frequency of 125KHz. This means someone has to be closer to the reader for them to work. That is why they are important for access control or identification applications.
Having the proximity technology still makes them to be good at contactless applications. As much as you have to be close to the proximity reader, you do not need physical contact for them to work.
Benefits of Proximity/HID Cards
The proximity or HID cards will also have as many benefits as the RFID cards. Below are some benefits you can expect when you get the cards.
- The cards tend to have enhanced security features. Since they must be used for access control, encryption is necessary to keep unauthorized access at bay.
- You can also expect them to offer convenient access thanks to having contactless technology. They also have a rapid data transmission rate, which makes the whole process smooth even for you.
- Customization and versatility are some of the reasons to choose the HID cards. The card supplier can customize the cards to work as needed. This also includes branding if necessary.
- These cards are also good in terms of scalability. Being scalable means you can expand their use without necessarily spending too much money on a new system. Also, having multiple integration capabilities means using them for various security applications.
- Looking at the cost, we can see that the cards are within the affordable range. This means that even if you have a large company, setting up and using the cards is still cost-effective. Also, the running costs are minimal for such a type of technology.
There are a couple of similar things and those that are different between these two types of cards. Below, we take a deeper comparison for you to better understand.
Starting with similarities, we can see that HID cards are simply RFID cards but have a limited frequency of operation. The HID cards are also specialized for identification and access control. You could still use the RFID cards for the same but expect to find more uses for them.
The biggest difference is how the cards operate. The RFID cards can work with several frequency options, including low, high, and ultra-high frequency. This makes them quite versatile in terms of applications since they can handle multiple frequency options.
As for the HID cards, they mostly work with a standardized frequency of 125KHz. This might not seem as flexible as RFID cards, but this is still good enough to use the cards for authentication and access control purposes.
HID cards are mostly sold as a security solution. This is because the company that developed them emphasized security features and encryption compared to any other features.
So, it depends only on what application you want to achieve. This would determine which one you would choose, considering the two still operate using radio frequency identification technology.
Security is an important part of owning either of the cards. So, what are some of the security features you can get with each of the cards?
RFID cards will tend to have several security features you could find helpful for your application. Such include;
- Access control lists
- Unique identifiers
- Secure protocols
Considering that HID cards are built for secure access control, we expect them to have more security features. Here is what you may get with HID cards as security features.
- Advanced encryption
- Multi-layered authentication
- Secure key management
- Tamper detection
- Biometric integration etc.
The actual security features mostly vary with the supplier and implementation of the systems. Ensure the supplier understands the security features you are looking for to get the best options.
How to Choose Between RFID and HID Cards
Now that you have more information about the two types of cards, you should also find a way to choose between them. We have a quick guide for you below to see how you can choose the right card for the work.
You should choose the HID cards if you want better control of how people access a building or room. This is because these cards are specifically designed for this type of work.
However, if you want to achieve diverse applications, then RFID cards will do a better job. They are good at tracking assets, contactless payments, and many other applications.
Both RFID and HID cards pack several security features. However, we have seen HID cards being more associated with advanced security features, including encryption and authentication. This means if you have any high-security environment, you can always rely on these cards to work great for you.
So, consider the level of security that you need and then choose appropriately. If you need a higher level of security, HID cards will be a suitable choice.
It is important that you pick the cards based on the frequency that aligns with your needs. As already mentioned, RFID cards operate with a wide range of frequencies. The same cannot be said for HID cards. They operate mostly at 125KHz.
Integrating with Existing Systems
You should assess your RFID and HID card compatibility with the existing systems. Most existing systems may work with multiple card integration. Considering both use RFID technology, it may be possible to use both at once. Nevertheless, it is key to make an assessment and find out which card option offers ease of integration with existing systems.
You are advised to look at your budget constraints to understand what you can implement in your company fully. Both cards seem like a cost-effective choice, but that can vary depending on the kind of customization and additional features you want.
Look at the long-term costs also, such as maintenance of the systems, scalability, and many other features that might be required later.
We can always find use for either RFID or HID cards. It begins by understanding the kind of application you would like to achieve. In case you are focused more on access control and authentication, then you can always consider the HID cards. However, if you are in the market for more versatility and flexibility, RFID cards can help you out with that.